Ellie Ridgway

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The literature discussed in this review will cover the principles of ethical school leadership, the ethical codes by which educators are supposed to conduct instruction, the traits of effective school climate and culture, and the levels at which administrators can influence the climate and culture of their school. The research of this concept is important because it is critical to student learning and success. Students learn best when they are in a positive environment that provides adequate support and resources for them to succeed. However, this type of environment cannot solely depend on the teacher. The specific topics discussed in this review include but are not limited to: inclusive and toxic school climate and culture, ways to improve climate and culture, administrator influence on climate and culture, ethically leading a school, and current administrative challenges such as the pandemic, critical race theory, and the substitute teacher crisis. Throughout these articles, a common theme is the necessity of fair and equitable opportunities for students as well as the importance of an active and inclusive administrator. An ethical leader that positively influences the climate and culture of a school is one that creates a safe learning environment, creates effective relationships with teachers, considers the consequences of their decisions, values the input of their teachers, and aligns there internal beliefs with their external actions.