Jihyun Jane Min

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Objective: Although extensive research exists on corrosive environments in the Tri-State Mining District (TSMD), there has been a lack of research on how such harmful effects in the TSMD could affect residents living in those areas. However, quite recently, such research regarding relationships between the health conditions of low-income residents and toxic elements in TSDM began to grow. Therefore, the increase of empirical studies means greater complexity of the findings that require a more intricate understanding.

Methods: To meet the necessity of the study, this research was conducted by an extensive systematic review of the literature on the harmful effects of TSMD on the physical health of residents living in TSMD areas along with significant findings of the formation and toxicity of TSMD areas, and the contamination impact on the ecological system (aquatic systems, wild birds) to better comprehend the mechanism of TSMD effects on human beings.

Results: This research addressed that toxic metals not only negatively impact natural habits in the TSMD environments (ALA reduction, kidney and liver problems, decrease of fish species) but also seriously and continuously affect the health of residents living in that area (ingestion, inhalation, dermal absorption) and increase the possibility of a person developing overweight or obese.

Conclusion: This study would make a vital contribution building upon the existing outcomes of the correlations between toxic elements coming from the TSMD areas and low-income residents. Furthermore, this study outcome will be updated information for policymakers and health-related professionals who aim to promote economic and social justice by providing adequate and innovative remediations to improve the natural environment and health of residents in the TSMD.