History 430: Theory and Practice

Document Type

Undergraduate Research

Publication Date

Fall 12-15-2010


The Tri-State Miner's Strike of 1935 was a result of attempts to unionize the miners in the area. Because of the strike, Eagle Picher Mining Company formed an illegal company union to begin a back to work movement. The pressures of the Great Depression and the threat of communism caused these remarkable events. Silicosis and social conditions also influenced both labor and management of the Tri-State area. The Great Depression led to national Labor Reform Legislation the Tri-State min operators resisted. Tri-State miners, who had previously resisted union organization, now considered the benefits the union offered. The efforts of union organizers had a profound effect on mine operators in resisting and trying to keep control of their interests and maintaining the stats quo by organizing their own company union.