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This collection consists of photocopies of correspondence, newspaper clippings and reports all relating to the Archives of Terror.
The “Archives of Terror” (Archivos del Terror) is a collection of more than half a million documents, held in Paraguay, that record some of the crimes undertaken by the Alfredo Stroessner regime. Alfredo Stroessner was a Paraguayan army officer and dictator of Paraguay from 1954 – 1989. The archive confirms countries such as Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay & Uruguay coordinated intelligence & prisoner exchanges to suppress political opposition under “Operation Condor”. The United States government provided planning, coordination, training on torture, financial & military aid and technical support to these military governments from the Johnson to Reagan presidencies. The archives were discovered in 1992 by attorney, and educator Martín Almada and Judge José Agustín Fernández when requesting habeas data from a police department in Lambaré, Paraguay. The archives listed 50,000 people murdered, 30,000 “disappeared” and 400,000 imprisoned. Some countries have been able to use the archives to prosecute those who were involved, such as Chilean General Augusto Pinochet, and Pastor Coronel.
Government and Law
Size of Collection
.25 linear feet
Dates of Collection
SpC MS 0395
Special Collections, Leonard H. Axe Library, "Paraguay Archives of Terror Collection, 1957–1999" (2022). Finding Aids. 409.