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Drawings, books, and letters related to Guy Lockwood of Lockwood Publishing Company and related to politics.

Guy Lockwood (1870-1947) of Michigan was an American cartoonist and political activist, advocating for socialism. Lockwood and his friend Grant Walt Wallace created the company Wallace & Lockwood in 1891 which offered correspondence courses in penmanship and illustrations out of Lincoln, Nebraska, which was the first business of its kind. Both of the men were teachers at Western Normal College, also in Lincoln. Wallace left the company and Lockwood moved the company to Omaha by 1896. Lockwood moved to Kalamazoo, Michigan in 1904 where he taught at the Acme School of Drawing until 1907. That year he and Sam Stoltz opened Lockwood-Stoltz Art School. Stoltz left to take a job in Chicago in 1909 and Lockwood took over the Acme School to create the Lockwood Art School, a correspondence art school that sent guides and instructions over different areas of drawing and shading until 1934. The school produced a monthly magazine from the 1910s to 1930 that ran under the names The Students Art Magazine and Art and Nature to name a couple.

Lockwood led a group of four socialist delegates from Tennessee to Chicago for the First National Convention of the Social Democracy of America in a painted wagon in 1898. They would lecture about socialism out the back of the wagon on stops and Lockwood would sell caricatures and greetings cards to raise funds for the trip. In the early 1900s, Lockwood lived in Girard, Kansas and worked for the socialist newspaper Appeal to Reason as a cartoonist and writer. Lockwood’s cartoons reflected socialist philosophy and issues the socialist party addressed at the time. Through Lockwood Publishing Co., Lockwood published a series of pamphlets, The Prophet and the Ass (renamed The Billy Goat) and Unity, that went into further detail about these issues and ideas, following Marxist perspectives. He also ran for multiple offices in Michigan, being elected to the Kalamazoo City Council for a two-year term in 1912, but did not gain office as Mayor in 1914, in the senate in 1916, as Governor of Michigan in 1928, or the state house of representatives in 1934.

Publication Date



Business and Industry, Fine Arts, Languages and Literature, Social Movements and Services


Arts and Humanities | Social and Behavioral Sciences

Size of Collection

2 linear feet

Dates of Collection


Manuscript Number

SpC MS 0313

Lockwood, Guy, collection, 1903-1913

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