Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Education Specialist (EdS)




The problem was to determine if there was any difference in the levels of self-esteem of Cherokee Indian and white students in grades nine through twelve in Jay, Oklahoma High School. Data were obtained by administering Coopersmith's Self-Esteem Inventory to selected samples of Cherokee Indian students and white students during the week of March 7-11, 1977. Statistical analysis showed that there was no significant different in the levels of self-esteem of the two sample groups. Difference between the two sample means was determined by use of a two-tailed t-test at the .05 level of significance. The analysis of data showed that the mean of the white sample was somewhat higher than the mean of the Cherokee Indian sample. Differences in six of the eight subgroups were greater for the white sample. Although the over-all difference was not significant, the results indicate that Cherokee Indian students are somewhat less self-assured than the white students in general, and not as many score in the high level of self-esteem as do white students. This suggests that more effort should be directed towards insuring that the Cherokee Indian students improve in their feelings of self-esteem. Likewise, teachers should endeavor to become aware of signs of negative self-esteem in all students and strive to develop methods of teaching that will help all students develop a positive level of self-esteem.


Please note that this material contains historic language and images that may be considered offensive or biased, or which marginalize certain individuals and communities. The presence of offensive language or images is not an endorsement by Library Services or by Pittsburg State University.


To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.