Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)




This descriptive study was designed to explore, describe, and compare singleton and non-singleton Pittsburg State University Chinese students, who self-reported their independent and dependent personality characteristics. Data for this study were obtained from a survey instrument developed by this investigator and administrated to volunteer Chinese students (Mainland or Taiwan) enrolled in 2010 fall semester at Pittsburg State University. Participation was voluntary and anonymity was assured. No statistically significant differences were found in independent and dependent personality characteristics among singleton and non-singleton Chinese college students at Pittsburg State University. Conclusions were that the findings from the present study were consistent with prior research conducted in China. Jiang and Yao (2010) and Ye (2010) concluded that the development of certain personality, cognitive, emotional, and social differences are most pronounced with younger children, particularly in early childhood and in kindergarten. As only borns mature, differences overtime tend to become less pronounced or to become not significant.


viii, 108 leaves : ill. ; 29 cm. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 88-93).

Added Author: Pittsburg State University. Dept. of Curriculum and Instruction.



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