Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)




This study evaluates maturation in terms of Reality Content and Functional Efficiency components within the Goodenough scale for human figure drawings as modified at the Parsons State Hospital and Training Center. Reality Content is defined as the items which must be present to score as contrasted to Functional Efficiency, or an improvement upon an item, which is awarded an Increase in score. Reality Content in drawings of young children contrasted to Functional Efficiency content in drawings of adults, provide a continuum for examination, in evaluating the hypothesis, "Functional Efficiency is the major contributing factor in the drawings of children before the thirteenth year of age."

The subjects were divided by IQ into three diagnostic groups and within these groups by age, sex, and grade in school. Scores were evaluated on a basis of the percentage of Reality Content and Functional Efficiency within the achieved Goodenough score. These two aspects of the score were evaluated to ascertain if there were significant differences in Reality Content and Functional Efficiency scores and if there were significant differences in male-female scoring on both aspects of the total score. The hypothesis is accepted for normal IQ females, age 12, grade 7. Females begin to draw functionally at an earlier age than the males; therefore, they are considered to mature emotionally or intellectually at a more rapid rate, when the IQ's are normal. The hypothesis is rejected for both sexes in ages six through eleven and for males, age twelve.


vii, 116, [2] leaves ; 28 cm. Bibliography: leaves [88]-89.


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