Date of Award

Spring 5-14-2022

Document Type

Scholarly Project

Degree Name

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)



First Advisor

Dr. Ashleigh Heter

Second Advisor

Dr. Jeffrey Waddell

Third Advisor

Dr. Greg Belcher


Osteoarthritis is an arthritic condition of the joints commonly found in the elderly population. This condition occurs as intra-articular cartilage wears down over time. Most patients present with joint pain. The pain that occurs from joint pain often impedes physical activity, which can ultimately increase pain levels. There are several treatments for osteoarthritis, however, there is no cure. Providers often prescribe non-steroidal anti-inflammatories and other oral analgesics for pain management. Because osteoarthritis typically occurs in the elderly population, adding medications to what often is a long list of medications can cause issues such as drug interactions and medication toxicities. Other non-pharmacologic treatments, such as diet and exercise and physical therapy, should be explored and attempted prior to adding in pharmacologic therapy. The purpose of this project was to educate providers on the need for non-pharmacologic treatment modalities for OA related symptoms and the benefits of non-pharmacologic treatment, as well as increase provider knowledge on non-pharmacologic treatment modalities. Data was collected through means of pre and posttests. Paper tests along with an educational fact sheet were provided to orthopedic and primary care providers within a manila envelope. There were 9 responses with 7 being eligible for participation. A total of 70 points was the highest grade possible on the pre and posttests, with each correct answer being worth 5 points. A nonparametric sample test (related samples test) was used to compare the posttests to the pretests. A statistically significant difference was identified so the null hypothesis was rejected. Results of this study reemphasized the continuing need for education on the nonpharmacologic treatment options for osteoarthritis.

Included in

Nursing Commons